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【幼小衔接】少儿英语学习:小细节提高孩子的智力

时间: 2016-10-17 15:21:05来源: 三桥一外官方网站
任何一种语言的学习都是一个积少成多,水到渠成的过程,学英语也是一样。作为家长我们并不能为了孩子能通过某种考试而去让孩子学英语,而是要让孩子发自内心地喜欢这门语言,并能掌握这门语言。当然,在这个过程当中,孩子也需要我们的辅助。”来自线话英语学员Dora的妈妈在说到孩子的英语学习方面的事情时,总会感慨颇多。

“关于双语教育,Dora的妈妈一直还算留心,虽然没特别研究过,但根据自己的体会还是有一点心得的。”总结了这样一些经验:

工具/原料

    线话英语推荐的Let's Go 是一本专门为零基础者设置的英语教材,无论是幼儿还是成人学员都适用。教材内容十分简单,主要包含一些基础词汇和简单的句型。教材配以大量图片,让学生在学习过程中对所学词汇和对话更有直观性,更容易接受。
    SIDE BY SIDE 1 内容包含了问候、地点、日常活动、家庭成员、社区环境、国籍、找工作、情感等方面的用语和提问方式。

方法/步骤

    Eat a good breakfast  (早餐要吃好)

     A child's brain needs a proper balance of nutrients suchas glucose, iron, vitamin A, vitamin B, zinc, and folic acid.Kids who eat breakfast have better memory and longer attention spans.Whole grain cereals and oatmeal have been found to be a better start to the day than sugary cereals like Cap'n Crunch.With toddlers, breastfeeding has been shown to improve health and intelligence.

        小孩的脑部发育需要许多营养物质,比如葡萄糖、铁、维他命A、B、锌、叶酸(维生素B)。吃早餐的孩子记忆力好,注意力集中程度也较高。早餐最好是全谷类食品和燕麦片,而不是像Cap'n Crunch这样含糖的谷类食品。有证据证明,母乳喂养有助于提高孩子的抵抗力和智商。

    Engage in music-making  (音乐熏陶)

        Give your kids lessons in piano, guitar and violin; music helps your children develop higher IQs.On average, music students perform better on standardized tests and have higher over all GPAs.In one experiment, it was found that taking piano lessons even helped raised IQ significantly.  让您的孩子学习钢琴,吉他和小提琴;音乐有助于培养孩子的高智商。在标准化考试中,学习音乐的学生比其他学生表现的更好,平均分也更高。标准化考试中,学习音乐的学生比其他学生表现的更好,平均分也更高。

     Play Games  (游戏也能增长智力)

    Studies show that video games can improve many skills.According to the UC Berkeley study, video games can improve:hand-eye coordination,

    problem solving ability,reasoning,pattern recognition,accuracy of estimations,hypothesis testing,resourcemanagement,quickthinking and reacting,memory,spatial perception,judgment calls.

    电子游戏有助于改善多种技能。根据根据加州大学伯克利分校的一份研究显示电子游戏能够改善手眼协调能力、解决问题的能力、推理能力、图像识别能力、判断能力、假设检验能力、资源管理能力、快速思考和反应的能力、记忆力、空间感知能力和决策能力。

    Pretending type of games and playtime can help your develop intellectually, especially if your child is between ages 1 and 3.It also helps children remember and recall events with least hassles.伪装类型的游戏和娱乐时间可以帮助你的孩子开发智力,特别是如果您的孩子是1到3岁之间。它也帮助孩子记忆,不去想那些少有的麻烦事。

     Limit television time  (限制孩子看电视的时间)

    Of course, too much of anything can still be badthing.Kids still need time away from the TV to develop social skills and do homework.Control TV time as uncontrolled TV can hinder your child's ability to concentrate and focus on studies.

    当然,太多的干某件事情会适得其反。孩子们仍然需要削减一些看电视的时间来发展他们的社交能力或者做作业。控制看电视的时间,因为长时间看电视会影响你的孩子对学习的专注能力和很难专心学习。

    Unstructured play time should be mandatary(必须让孩子自由玩耍)  Unstructured playtime has always been an importantpart of "being a kid," but it is also crucial to a child's development.Hovering and over-parenting is linked with psychological problems."Free play" not only helps kids develop cognitive and social skills, it also helps them develop into happy, healthy adults in the future.

        对于小孩来说,自由玩耍是非常重要的一部分,同时也对他们的成长至关重要。如果父母老是在一旁或者管的太多,容易使孩子产生心理问题。自由玩耍不仅能帮助孩子发展认知能力和社交能力,还能让他们成长为快乐健康的成年人。

    20 minutes of exercise helps kids too(20分钟的体育锻炼)  A Swedish study of over a million 18-year-olds showed that fitness does relate to a person's IQ.The specifics of how exercise affects brain growth and development is unclear, but studies show that for 9 and 10-year-olds, 20minutes of exercise before a test significantly improves test scores.

        瑞典一项基于100万18周岁人群的研究显示,健康和一个人的智商息息相关。人们现在还不清楚体育锻炼是怎样影响大脑发育的,但是研究显示,如果9至10岁在接受测验前进行过20分钟的体育锻炼,测验分数有显著提高。

    ����/��@ � (�的一部分,同时也对他们的成长至关重要。如果父母老是在一旁或者管的太多,容易使孩子产生心理问题。自由玩耍不仅能帮助孩子发展认知能力和社交能力,还能让他们成长为快乐健康的成年人。

    Reading with your kids  (和孩子一起阅读)

       Reading has long been known as away to improve children's intelligence.Kids who are read to frequently develop earlier writing and number skills as well.For parents who don't have as much time, just surrounding your kids with books goes a long way too.(线话英语)  人们很早就知道阅读有助于提高儿童的智商。经常阅读的孩子的写作和算术能力比其他孩子发展的要早。如果父母没有那么多的时间,那么拿着书和孩子们呆在一起也会大有帮助。

    Put kids to bed early  (让孩子早点睡觉)

       Studies from a California-based group called SRII nternational show that kids with regular bedtimes are better at languages,math, and reading.Preschool children should get at least eleven hours of sleep, and kids upto age 12 should try to get at least ten hours of sleep. 总部设在加州的斯坦福研究院的研究显示,作息时间规律的小孩在语言、数学和阅读等方面表现的比其他孩子要好。学龄前的儿童至少应该保证11个小时的睡眠,12岁的小孩也应该至少保证10个小时的睡眠。

    �d���@ X�)��有帮助。

     Praise good effort, not intelligence(鼓励孩子多尝试,不要只注重结果)

       Your kids may be smart, but you should focus your praise on the effort they put into succeeding at tasks.Kids who are praised on intelligence often feel it is a fixed trait, and mistakes or failures severely hurt their self-confidence.Kids who are praised on effort often focus more on learning, and are not afraid of a challenge, or to fail and try again.  孩子们可能很聪明,但是父母更应该注重对孩子们完成任务时所作出的努力给与鼓励。如果父母总是在孩子们获得成功时才给与鼓励的话,孩子们会认为这是一种固定的模式,任何错误或者失败都会打击到他们的自信心。被父母鼓励多尝试的孩子更多地注重学习,也不怕挑战和失败,他们会一次次的尝试。

     Learn a second language  (学习一门外语)

        Early studies in this field have preliminarily shown that bilingual kids can focus better under pressure and focus better on relevant information.Research is being done still, but many argue that the peak of language learning ability ends before puberty.It has been shown that young children can learn new languages with nearly perfect fluency and pronunciation.  这一领域先前的研究表明,会说两门语言的孩子在压力环境下更能集中精神,对于相关信息的专注度也更高。相关方面的研究还在继续,但是许多人认为,语言学习能力在青春期前达到顶峰,而后就保持在固定的水平。还有证据表明,孩子学习起新语言来会非常流畅,发音也更为准确。


注意事项

    线话英语认为语言对于孩子,没有母语和外语之分。
    孩子学英语最重要的是环境的熏陶和兴趣的培养,是一个从兴趣到习惯,从知识到能力的变化过程,这也是一个日积月累的过程。多些耐心,便能看到孩子巨大的成长和变化。

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